Knox Grammar School has been at the forefront of Positive Education for the past 12 years. Central to this is our bespoke Total Fitness Model, which represents the holistic academic, social and emotional, spiritual, and physical wellbeing of each individual in our school community. This model aims to equip students with the skills and practices to thrive in life well beyond their school years.
Step 1: “What is the evidence for Knox Total Fitness?” & “Is there anything missing?”
Step 2: “What are the actionable components/interventions in Knox Total Fitness?”
Twenty-three studies sampling a total of 6,637 participants (thirty-four independent samples), produced a weighted mean effects size of d = .268, CI 95% [.205-.331], p < .001.
Gratitude, character strengths, emotional intelligence, competency, autonomy, mindfulness and nutrition were targeted interventions in more than one sample and thus were included in analysis. Small to large and significant effects were demonstrated for each of these interventions.
Strongest effects were found for illbeing outcomes (d= .340, p < .001) i.e. reducing depression and anxiety symptom, followed by affect(mood) (d = .260, p < .001) and interpersonal skills (d = .259, p < .001). Although smaller in effect, wellbeing was also significant outcome (d = .155, p < .001).
When comparing primary and secondary contexts, stronger effects were found in secondary years (d = .352, p =.001) compared to primary years (d = .232, p < .001).